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In 1999, Sugata Mitra, the man behind the very famous ‘hole in the wall’ experiment demonstrated that children of any age, group, caste, creed, culture, and socio economic status can learn to operate a computer by exploring on their own in a playful state of mind, even without the English language proficiency. In the experiment, Mitra and his team simply placed a computer through a hole in the walls of slums in India and allowed children to explore. The resultant significant growth in childrens’ basic science and math skills through the usage of the internet on computer highlighted the fact that children’s brain functions best when it is in playful state.
The story does not end here though. In fact, a child’s mental health is not only manifested through grades and school performances but also via various other significant parameters that parents need to focus on. Daily activities carried out by children like, communication with family members, eating habits, sleeping hours, socializing practices etc. are better ways to know the status of mental health of children. Though manifestation of healthy mind is seen in almost every task that a human body does, there are only handful of ways to enhance mental health of children. And, play, for sure, tops the chart in that list.
Have you ever noticed that play is mostly self-chosen and self-directed? Play is never forced upon the child; it is always by choice. It is an activity in which means are more valued than the end. This secret ingredient of play, the sense of ownership (I own what I play) stimulates nerve cells of brain to make faster connections with each other. In first six years of life, 80% of the brain development is complete. Time and again, research has proven that the more playful state of mind in first six years, the stronger is the growth of human brain. Even in studies on teenagers, playful activities are found to be influential in growth of frontal lobe which is the center for planning and decision making.
Apart from the ownership that a child enjoys during play, the magic of play also lies in its triviality. Peter Gray in his book ‘Free to Learn’, explains that play is an activity that is conducted for its own sake rather than to achieve real world goals of success. Thus, play involves an active, alert but non stressed state of mind. There is nothing to achieve at the end, as the process of play itself is worth it.
In a nutshell, for a child, everything is play and play is everything. From basic life skills to executive functions of human brain, everything is best learnt through play. According to Dr Gray, through Play, children connect to their own interests, learn decision-making, learn to handle their emotions, make friends, and most importantly gain happiness.
The power of play in child’s life is beyond words and irreplaceable. A child of nine years recently summarized it best in one of my conversations with him, Playtime! Oh, the more the merrier!
The author, Meghna Yadav, is a developmental psychologist and consultant for KLAY play schools and day-care for training and parent partnership initiatives. She has been working with children and families for last two decades across the world
Gray, P. (2013), Free to Learn, why unleashing the instinct to play will make our children happier, more self-reliant, and better students for life. Basic books.
Mitra, Sugata, Ritu Dangwal, Shiffon Chatterjee, Swati Jha, Ravinder S. Bisht and Preeti Kapur (2005), Acquisition of Computer Literacy on Shared Public Computers: Children and the Hole in the wall Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 21(3), 407–426.
This article was originally published in Indian Express and has been reposted here with the author’s permission
Meghna is a leading child psychologist who has been working in the field of Early Childhood Education for more than two decades. As an expert in developmental milestones in child growth and development, and parenting in the urban context, Meghna counsels families across India. She is a mother of two, and therefore, can relate with challenges of parents in urban India